Located at kilometer 45, this is the third capital established by the Spaniards after the terrible flooding of the Valley of Almolonga on September 11th, 1541. It was founded in 1543 and named Ciudad de Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala in 1566. After plagues, tremors and flooding, the earthquake of 1773 ended up destroying it completely. Despite having been abandoned to found another capital, little by little its inhabitants brought life back to the city, which today is one of the primary attractions of Guatemala thanks to its markedly colonial architecture. A gem of urban planning and colonial architecture, Antigua’s features have been preserved as though time were frozen. Because of its immense historical and cultural value, UNESCO named Antigua as a World Heritage site in 1979.